Can Chickens Eat Cabbage? A Guide to Keeping Your Flock Healthy

Can Chickens Eat Cabbage
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If you’re a backyard chicken owner, you know how important it is to provide your feathered friends with a healthy and balanced diet. Chickens are omnivores, which means they can eat both plant and animal-based foods. While commercial chicken feed provides the necessary nutrients for your birds, supplementing their diet with fresh vegetables is a great way to keep them healthy and happy.

One vegetable that is often on the menu for humans is cabbage. But can chickens eat cabbage? This is a common question among chicken owners, and the answer is not straightforward. In this article, will explore the nutritional benefits and potential risks of feeding cabbage to chickens, as well as provide practical tips for safely incorporating it into their diet.

The Nutritional Value of Cabbage

Offering a variety of vegetables can improve a chicken's diet and health.
Offering a variety of vegetables can improve a chicken’s diet and health.

Cabbage is a cruciferous vegetable that is low in calories but packed with nutrients. It is an excellent source of dietary fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants. These nutrients help support a healthy immune system, promote digestion, and may even reduce the risk of chronic diseases in humans.

But what about chickens? Can they benefit from eating cabbage? The answer is yes. While chickens do not require as much vitamin C as humans, they still need a source of dietary fiber for proper digestion. Plus, the antioxidants in cabbage can help protect their cells from oxidative stress.

However, it’s essential to note that cabbage should not make up the bulk of a chicken’s diet. While it can be a healthy addition, chickens still require a balanced diet of protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Too much cabbage can also cause digestive issues in chickens, so it’s important to feed it in moderation. In the next section, we will explore the potential risks of feeding cabbage to chickens.

Risks of Feeding Cabbage to Chickens

Feeding too much cabbage to chickens can cause digestive issues and reduced egg production.
Feeding too much cabbage to chickens can cause digestive issues and reduced egg production.

Potential Risks

While cabbage does have some nutritional benefits for chickens, it’s essential to be aware of the potential risks associated with feeding it to them. Some of the risks include:


Cabbage is high in water content, and too much of it in a chicken’s diet can lead to bloating and discomfort. This can be especially problematic for chickens that are already overweight or have underlying digestive issues.


The high fiber content in cabbage can also cause diarrhea in chickens if they eat too much of it. This can lead to dehydration and other health issues if not addressed promptly.

Reduced Egg Production

Feeding too much cabbage to chickens can also lead to a reduction in egg production. This is because cabbage contains goitrogens, which can interfere with the absorption of iodine, a vital nutrient for egg production.

Reasons Behind These Risks

The potential risks associated with feeding cabbage to chickens are due to its high water content and indigestible sugars. Chickens’ digestive systems are not designed to handle large amounts of water-heavy foods, leading to bloating and diarrhea. Additionally, the indigestible sugars in cabbage can ferment in the gut, leading to gas and discomfort.

It’s crucial to keep in mind that moderation is key when feeding cabbage to chickens. While it can provide some nutritional benefits, it should only be given in small amounts and as part of a diverse and balanced diet. In the next section, we’ll explore how to safely incorporate cabbage into your chickens’ diet.

How to Safely Feed Cabbage to Chickens

Cooking or fermenting cabbage can make it safer and more digestible for chickens.
Cooking or fermenting cabbage can make it safer and more digestible for chickens.

Feeding your chickens cabbage can be a healthy and nutritious addition to their diet, but it’s important to do it safely. Here are some practical tips for incorporating cabbage into your chicken’s diet:

Offer Small Amounts at a Time

Chickens have sensitive digestive systems, and introducing new foods too quickly can cause digestive upset. When offering cabbage for the first time, start with small amounts and gradually increase the portion size over time. This will allow your chicken’s digestive system to adjust to the new food and minimize the risk of bloating or diarrhea.

Cook or Ferment It

Cabbage contains complex sugars that can be difficult for chickens to digest in their raw form. To make it easier for them to digest, consider cooking or fermenting the cabbage before feeding it to your chickens. Boiling or steaming the cabbage can help break down the complex sugars and make it easier for your chickens to digest. Alternatively, you can ferment the cabbage by soaking it in water for several days. Fermented cabbage is not only easier to digest but also contains beneficial probiotics that can improve gut health.

Emphasize Moderation and Variety

While cabbage can be a healthy addition to your chicken’s diet, it’s important to remember that moderation is key. Too much cabbage can cause digestive upset and reduce egg production. In addition, it’s important to offer a variety of vegetables to your chickens to ensure they receive a balanced diet. Leafy greens, carrots, and squash are all great options to supplement their diet and provide a range of vitamins and minerals.

By following these practical tips, you can safely incorporate cabbage into your chicken’s diet and provide them with a healthy and balanced meal. Here are other articles about the animals that can eat cabbage:

Other Vegetables Suitable for Chickens

As we’ve mentioned, cabbage is just one of many vegetables that you can add to your chickens’ diet. Here are some other safe and healthy options:

Leafy Greens

Leafy greens such as spinach, kale, and lettuce are a great source of vitamins and minerals for your chickens. They also contain antioxidants that can boost their immune system and improve egg quality.


Carrots are a favorite among chickens and for good reason. They contain beta-carotene, which is converted to vitamin A in the body, and can improve their vision and feather health.


Squash is another vegetable that chickens enjoy. It is rich in vitamins A and C, as well as fiber, which can aid in digestion.

Offering a variety of vegetables to your chickens not only provides them with essential nutrients but also keeps their diet interesting and enjoyable. Just like humans, chickens can get bored with the same food every day, so mix it up and see what they prefer. Remember to introduce new foods slowly and in small quantities to avoid digestive issues.


In conclusion, can chickens eat cabbage? The answer is yes, but with caution. While cabbage provides nutritional benefits for chickens, it can also cause digestive issues if fed in large quantities or inappropriately prepared. To ensure the health and well-being of your flock, it’s essential to follow the E-A-T principles and provide a balanced and varied diet that includes other vegetables and protein sources.

As a chicken owner, it’s your responsibility to research and understand the nutritional needs of your birds. Feeding your chickens a healthy and balanced diet not only improves their physical health but also their mental well-being. At, we are dedicated to providing resources and information to help backyard chicken owners keep their flocks healthy and happy.

Remember, moderation is key when it comes to feeding your chickens cabbage. By following the guidelines outlined in this article, you can safely incorporate cabbage and other vegetables into your chicken’s diet and enjoy the benefits of having healthy and happy birds.